by Cindy R
In previous articles we have explored various types of sex! Now don't rush out to find the pornographic back issues of seed catalogues. If you weren't fortunate enough to have read the articles we were talking about plant sex! (Exciting if you're a grower but not too sexy if you're expecting porn!)
Sexual reproduction, the germination and propagation of a seed, and asexual reproduction or cloning are two excellent procreation methods used for plant duplication.
We have successfully created a proliferation of new plant material either from seed or cuttings. Our objective now is to keep the plants healthy and productive in a hydroponic environment. A healthy root zone and strong pest resistant vegetation will help to produce an abundance of flowers and fruit.
Plants are what they eat, therefore the nutrient solution you feed them plays a very important role in determining the success of your crop. There are twenty mineral elements that are essential to plant growth. Years of studying these elements have led researchers to hydroponics by combining these water soluble nutrients in specific amounts to meet various plant's needs.Mineral Elements
|Macronutrients are required in large amounts|
|Carbon||C||Component of all organic compounds|
|Oxygen||O||supplied by air & water|
|Hydrogen||H||Basic building block of hydrocarbons|
|Nitrogen||N||Part of chlorophyll, amino acids, proteins|
|Phosphorus||P||Used in photosynthesis and almost all aspects of growth|
|Potassium||K||Activates enzymes, used in formation of sugar and starch|
|Calcium||Ca||Used in cell growth and division, part of cell wall|
|Magnesium||Mg||Part of chlorophyll, activates enzymes|
|Sulfur||S||Part of amino acids and proteins|
Base nutrients are the most important nutrient choice with your plants.
Two part formulas work better than one part formulas. In one part, there are many agents in the formula that cause build ups and especially in hydroponics systems will lead to clogged tubing. With two part formulas, the agents are not present as they are not necessary. This also means that the nutrients are made more readily available for the plants to intake.
Also be sure to look for a nutrient with no dyes or additives. These are not beneficial for your plants and can often do more damage than good. From our testing, we have found that Dutch Nutrient Formula takes care of all the plants needs in the healthiest way...remember...they are what they eat!
© Copyright 2013 Homegrown Hydroponics, Inc. All rights reserved
© Copyright 2013 Homegrown Hydroponics, Inc. All rights reserved
by Cindy R
Humic Acid is nature’s ‘black nectar from the Gods.’ Known by it's rich dark brown to black colour, this organically charged bio-stimulant has proven to have powerful and significant health effects on humans, animals, plants and the environment demonstrating the essential unity of all living things. Because human bodies are made of materials that come from the earth, it is often the case that materials from the earth are agents of health.
Humic acid was used by ancient cultures and in folk remedies for a wide variety of illnesses. It is known to be a powerful free-radical scavenger and a natural anti-oxidant. Humates taken internally are believed to boost the immune systems by attacking unwanted, injured or dead cells thereby decreasing or eliminating infection.
Experimentally, humic acid has been used both topically and internally to treat and prevent infection in burn victims. The humates destroy the invading infectious cells allowing the healthy cells to take over. Russian scientists have had measured success in trials using humic acid to treat radiation sickness in rats.
Ingestion of humic acids through organic foods and clean natural water from unpolluted rivers is believed to reduce or block the body’s absorption of heavy metals and pesticides. This may help diminish the build up of cancer causing toxins and pollutants in the human body. It is believed that humic acid is anti-carcinogenic. Humic acids have also been employed as veterinary medicine therapy successfully using peat mull (extracted humic acid) to prevent the transmission of foot and mouth disease in pigs.
Before mega-production farming practices depleted our land of its natural goodness, humic acid was an abundant part of the soil. Plants and animals nurtured on the land ingested a balanced diet that included humates. Unfortunately that is no longer the case. Animals and soil grown plants have been deprived of the many health benefits that humic acid delivers.
Humic acid can be extracted from recently, composted organic manure or peat but is not as effective in absorbing and distributing micronutrients as the humic acid which is derived from Leonardite. (Recently is a relative term which in this case refers to several thousand years.) The humic acid referred to as ‘Black’ in hydroponic formulations is the rich material extracted from naturally oxidized and carefully selected sources of Leonardite.
Leonardite is a naturally occurring hydro-carbon shale formed in the earth over millions of years by the chemical and biological decomposition of prehistoric plant and animal matter. Being highly decomposed natural humus, and having been subject to a significant level of microbial activity, it contains high concentrations of the organic Humic and Fulvic acids. This organic acid concentration varies from deposit to deposit. Some of the highest quality Leonardite deposits in the world are found in South America.
Humic Acid has virtually been leached from our agricultural soil therefore crops have endured the deficiency. The natural anti-oxidant protection provided to plants rich in a humic based soil are therefore not available.
Humic Acids help to improve the soil’s water holding capacity, improve the soil structure and help to maintain soil stability. Humic acids readily form salts with inorganic trace minerals in a form that can be more easily utilised by plants. Humic acids promote vigor, disease resistance and root development in agricultural crops. These increases result in faster growth. The acids assist roots by increasing soil permeability, increasing water retention, reducing water evaporation, and promoting the growth of beneficial microbial colonies in the root zone. The creation of a healthy, microbially-active rootzone environment creates stronger plants that uptake nutrients better.
In a hydroponic environment humic acid supplementation offers many of the same benefits to plants that it does in a soil culture. Because hydroponics is performed in an enclosed environment it is possible to specifically target plants with a minimum of waste. Adding a humic acid based solution, referred to as “BLACK” in hydroponic preparations, to the nutrient reservoir will increase the efficacy of the nutrients, making both micro and macro nutrients more readily available to the root zone. Humic acid’s high cation capacity serves as a chelator which helps plants better assimilate all the nutrients in the solution. The chelation process helps make and keep nutrients readily available to be used by plants as needed.
Environmental stresses can cause irreparable damage to plants; stunting or delaying growth, prohibiting flower production or even causing death. Free radical molecules result from stress such as high heat or temperature fluctuations, too high humidity, pesticide applications and nutrient deficiencies or toxicities. The bio-stimulant activity of humic acid black produces anti-oxidants that combat these free radicals making plants more resistant to these and other environmental stressors.
Humic acid black remains in the cells providing ongoing protection. One of the organic compounds in humic acid black is carbon which manufactures sugars in plants. Sugars are especially important during flowering as plants require an increased amount of carbohydrate to produce fruit. The carbohydrate infusion delivered in humic acid black will also organically enhance flavour, colour and aroma of fruit.
Seed germination is accelerated when humic acid black is added. Humic acid’s effect on seed germination is similar to its effect on rooted plants. Humic acid, carrying both micronutrients and water, is drawn in the seed through the pore, stimulating growth of the radical. Not only do they germinate faster but there is a higher percentage of seeds germinating.
Beneficial bacteria and fungi reproduction created in the presence of humic acid black biologically increase plant growth. The microbial activity produced by these bacteria and fungi are excellent root stimulators. Humic acid black has also been shown to lower pH to a more neutral level helping with the availability of nutrients.
All this translates into healthier, stronger more pest resistant plants. Humic acid black is an environmentally safe bio-stimulant that can be used throughout the entire growth cycle. The addition of humic acid black to a high quality nutrient regimen will result in superior quality crop production whether it is through soil or hydroponic cultivation. The crops will in turn be ingested by animals and humans enriching the diet of the entire food chain.
We suggest Homegrown's DN Black.
© Copyright 2013 Homegrown Hydroponics Inc. All rights reserved